rpm pakketbeheer

RPM pakketten worden gebouwd, geïnstalleerd, en onderzocht met het rpm-commando.

Gebruik: rpm [OPTIE...] [pakketten...]
	rpm -q -a | grep nemo
	rpm -q -a | grep libreoffice
onderzoekt de rpm database om alle nemo-related pakketten te vinden, en het tweede voor LibreOffice pakketten.

Query/Verify package selection options:
  -a, --all                            query/verify all packages
  -f, --file                           query/verify package(s) owning file
  -g, --group                          query/verify package(s) in group
  -p, --package                        query/verify a package file
      --pkgid                          query/verify package(s) with package identifier
      --hdrid                          query/verify package(s) with header identifier
      --triggeredby                    query the package(s) triggered by the package
      --whatrequires                   query/verify the package(s) which require a dependency
      --whatprovides                   query/verify the package(s) which provide a dependency
      --nomanifest                     do not process non-package files as manifests

Query options (with -q or --query):
  -c, --configfiles                    list all configuration files
  -d, --docfiles                       list all documentation files
  -L, --licensefiles                   list all license files
      --dump                           dump basic file information
  -l, --list                           list files in package
      --queryformat=QUERYFORMAT        use the following query format
  -s, --state                          display the states of the listed files

Verify options (with -V or --verify):
      --nofiledigest                   don't verify digest of files
      --nofiles                        don't verify files in package
      --nodeps                         don't verify package dependencies
      --noscript                       don't execute verify script(s)

Install/Upgrade/Erase options:
      --allfiles                       install all files, even configurations which might otherwise be skipped
      --allmatches                     remove all packages which match  (normally an error is generated if  specified multiple packages)
      --badreloc                       relocate files in non-relocatable package
  -e, --erase=+                erase (uninstall) package
      --excludedocs                    do not install documentation
      --excludepath=              skip files with leading component  
      --force                          short hand for --replacepkgs --replacefiles
  -F, --freshen=+       upgrade package(s) if already installed
  -h, --hash                           print hash marks as package installs (good with -v)
      --ignorearch                     don't verify package architecture
      --ignoreos                       don't verify package operating system
      --ignoresize                     don't check disk space before installing
  -i, --install                        install package(s)
      --justdb                         update the database, but do not modify the filesystem
      --nodeps                         do not verify package dependencies
      --nofiledigest                   don't verify digest of files
      --nocontexts                     don't install file security contexts
      --noorder                        do not reorder package installation to satisfy dependencies
      --noscripts                      do not execute package scriptlet(s)
      --notriggers                     do not execute any scriptlet(s) triggered by this package
      --oldpackage                     upgrade to an old version of the package (--force on upgrades does this automatically)
      --percent                        print percentages as package installs
      --prefix=                   relocate the package to , if relocatable
      --relocate==           relocate files from path  to 
      --replacefiles                   ignore file conflicts between packages
      --replacepkgs                    reinstall if the package is already present
      --test                           don't install, but tell if it would work or not
  -U, --upgrade=+       upgrade package(s)
      --reinstall=+     reinstall package(s)

Common options for all rpm modes and executables:
  -D, --define='MACRO EXPR'            define MACRO with value EXPR
      --undefine=MACRO                 undefine MACRO
  -E, --eval='EXPR'                    print macro expansion of EXPR
      --macros=           read  instead of default file(s)
      --noplugins                      don't enable any plugins
      --nodigest                       don't verify package digest(s)
      --nosignature                    don't verify package signature(s)
      --rcfile=           read  instead of default file(s)
  -r, --root=ROOT                      use ROOT as top level directory (default: "/")
      --dbpath=DIRECTORY               use database in DIRECTORY
      --querytags                      display known query tags
      --showrc                         display final rpmrc and macro configuration
      --quiet                          provide less detailed output
  -v, --verbose                        provide more detailed output
      --version                        print the version of rpm being used

Options implemented via popt alias/exec:
      --scripts                        list install/erase scriptlets from package(s)
      --setperms                       set permissions of files in a package
      --setugids                       set user/group ownership of files in a package
      --conflicts                      list capabilities this package conflicts with
      --obsoletes                      list other packages removed by installing this package
      --provides                       list capabilities that this package provides
      --requires                       list capabilities required by package(s)
      --recommends                     list capabilities recommended by package(s)
      --suggests                       list capabilities suggested by package(s)
      --supplements                    list capabilities supplemented by package(s)
      --enhances                       list capabilities enhanced by package(s)
      --info                           list descriptive information from package(s)
      --changelog                      list change logs for this package
      --xml                            list metadata in xml
      --triggers                       list trigger scriptlets from package(s)
      --last                           list package(s) by install time, most recent first
      --dupes                          list duplicated packages
      --filesbypkg                     list all files from each package
      --fileclass                      list file names with classes
      --filecolor                      list file names with colors
      --fscontext                      list file names with security context from file system
      --fileprovide                    list file names with provides
      --filerequire                    list file names with requires
      --filecaps                       list file names with POSIX1.e capabilities

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